by Mark Shucksmith and Jane Atterton
Population is growing faster in rural areas (15.6% in accessible rural from 2001-13) and even in remote rural areas (6.7%) than in urban Scotland (3.7%).
Most employment in rural Scotland is in the tertiary (service) sector. If the public sector is also included, services account for 66% of employment in remote rural and accessible rural areas.
Small and Medium Enterprises account for 66% of businesses in remote rural and 60% in accessible rural areas, compared to 34% in urban Scotland. Many are microbusinesses of fewer than nine employees (39% in remote and 31% in accessible rural areas).
Self-employment is around twice as common in rural Scotland as in urban Scotland, as is working from home. Half of women in remote rural areas work part-time in their main job.
Hourly rates of pay are lower in rural workplaces than those in urban Scotland.
Household incomes of residents in accessible rural areas tend to be higher than for those residents in urban or remote rural areas.
The income required by households to achieve a minimum acceptable living standard in remote, rural Scotland is typically 10-40% higher than elsewhere.
432 private land owners own 50% of the private land in rural Scotland. In other words, half the country is owned by 0.008% of the population.
For the full chapter, please see: Shucksmith, M. & Atterton, J. (2017) Scotland's Rural Economies. In Gibb, K., Maclennan, D., McNulty, K., & Comerford, M. (eds) Scottish Economy - A Living Book. London: Routledge. Available via this link.