by Grant Allan, Peter G. McGregor and J. Kim Swales

Key Facts

  • Scotland set a target to reduce emissions by 80% (compared to 1990 levels) by 2050 and an interim target of 42% by 2020. The figure fell by 26.4% between 1990 and 2012.

  • Energy supply is the biggest source of emissions (30%), followed by transport (13%) and agriculture and related land uses (12%).

  • Scotland's carbon footprint grew between 2009 and 2010 suggesting that Scotland's contribution to global warming is more than that accounted for by emissions only.

  • Progress has been made towards 2020 renewables targets but there is still a considerable way to go and uncertainty over their achievement.

  • Nuclear and renewables respectively are the largest sources of electricity generation in Scotland.

  • Fuel poverty and extreme fuel poverty are rising, as are fuel prices.

For the full chapter, please see: Allan, G., McGregor, P. G. & Swales, J. K. (2017) Energy and Climate Change: Challenges and Policies. In Gibb, K., Maclennan, D., McNulty, K., & Comerford, M. (eds) Scottish Economy - A Living Book. London: Routledge. Available via this link.


Figure 9.1: Net Scottish Emissions Trend & Targets
- All data comes from the Scottish Government's Key Scottish Environmental Statistics dataset, table: GA3 Tbl

Figure 9.2: Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Source
- All data comes from the Scottish Government's publication: Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2015

Per Capita Emissions by Council Area
- All data comes from the UK Government's 2005 to 2015 UK local and regional CO2 emissions data tables

Figure 9.5: Final Energy Consumption by Sector and Targets
- Data comes from the Scottish Government's Energy in Scotland 2017 data set, Figures 1.7 and 2.4